The intervertebral discs are essential for providing a cushion between the vertebrae, absorbing shock and preventing damage. Each disc contains a softer interior covered with a harder outside shell. When a spinal disc is damaged from degenerative conditions or an injury and the inner portion of the disc protrudes through the outer shell, it can result in pain and loss of mobility. Herniated discs are a common cause of chronic back pain, which can be treated at Ospina Medical in Manhattan.
Herniated discs often occur due to a combination of factors. Degenerative changes in the spinal discs can leave them more vulnerable to damage. The discs lose moisture with age, resulting in a brittle outer shell that is less flexible. Wear and tear also impact the discs. When a tear or rupture occurs on the outside shell, it can cause initial pain. The tear can allow the softer material inside the disc to leak outside the shell, causing inflammation and pressure on nerves in the spinal canal. Herniated discs can be caused by an impact injury, but they also may occur due to normal wear and tear.
Treating Herniated Disc Pain
Most herniated discs occur in the thoracic or lumbar spine. The spinal discs in the back are under more pressure than those in the neck or cervical spine, but injury can cause a cervical herniated disc. Symptoms of herniated discs include localized pain in the back or neck where the damaged disc is located. The pain is usually worse with movement, lessening when at rest. Radiating pain is common with numbness or shooting pain into the buttocks and legs from a lumbar herniated disc or into the arm from a cervical disc can occur.
Treatment may include reducing inflammation surrounding the disc with epidural injections. Nerve blocks or other types of injection therapy could be used. We offer spinal cord stimulation and other innovative treatment options to manage pain and improve mobility for our patients with herniated disc pain.
If you are living with chronic pain from a herniated disc, come see us at Ospina Medical in New York City. We offer interventional and functional medicine options with personalized patient care to relieve chronic pain.